Menstrual Disorders: Know The Types, Causes and Symptoms
What is menstrual disorder?
Menstrual disorders are troublesome physical and emotional symptoms just before and during menstruation. This includes heavy bleeding, delayed periods, and uncontrollable mood swings. Some women go through their menstrual cycle without any worries. Their periods start like clockwork, starting and ending at about the same time every month. Most period problems have a simple explanation and have various treatment options that can help alleviate the symptoms. If your period is intolerable, talk to your doctor about your symptoms. Once your symptoms are diagnosed accurately, we can help you choose the best product to make your menstrual cycle regular and tolerable.
Types of menstrual disorders
Most women experience period cramps before or during their period at some point in their lives. For some people, it's part of a regular monthly routine. However, if the cramps are particularly painful and persistent, it's called dysmenorrhea and should be discussed with a doctor with immediate effect. This is one of the menstrual disorders caused by uterine contractions. This happens due to prostaglandins, hormone-like substances produced by cells lining. If menstrual cramps are severe, you may have diarrhea, a sudden pale face, sweating, and occasional weakness. This is because prostaglandins accelerate intestinal contraction, causing diarrhea, and relax blood vessels, lowering blood pressure and causing drowsiness.
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a combination of symptoms that many women experience about one to two weeks before their period. Over 90% of most women report experiencing premenstrual symptoms such as headaches, bloating, and moodiness. For some women, this menstrual disorder is so severe that they are unable to work or go to school. On average, women in their 30s are most likely to develop PMS.
Physical symptoms of PMS include:
- Breast swelling and tenderness
- Constipation or diarrhea
- Bloating or gas
- Back pain
- Less tolerance to light and noise
Emotional or mental symptoms of PMS include:
- Irritable or hostile behavior
- Sleep disturbances (too much sleep, too little sleep)
- Changes in appetite
- Memory problems
- Fear bouts of depression, sadness, or crying
It is important to have a regular and easy menstrual cycle to feel like it’s just a normal day instead of a dreadful one. Improve your diet, exercise, and keep a check on the calendar to steer clear of menstrual disorder.
Premenstrual dysphonic disorder
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is very similar to PMS but is a more serious health condition. PMDD causes severe depression, irritability, or anxiety one to two weeks before your menstrual cycle begins. Symptoms usually go away 2-3 days after your period starts. Medication and other treatments may be needed to relieve symptoms.
Symptoms of PMDD include:
- Persistent irritability or anger that can affect others
- Sadness, hopelessness, or even suicidal thoughts
- Feeling nervous or anxious
- Panic attacks
- Mood swings and frequent crying
- Lack of interest in daily activities and relationships
- Difficulty thinking or concentrating
- Low energy
- Craving or binge eating
- Sleeping disorder
Physical symptoms such as bloating, cramps, breast tenderness, headaches, and joint and muscle pain are common and can be treated easily.
What are the causes and symptoms of menstrual disorder?
Causes of menstrual disorder
There are many causes of menstrual disorder. These include hormonal (estrogen and androgen) imbalances. Polycystic ovary syndrome (known as PCOS), causes excessive production of androgens, leading to cysts and problems such as irregular menstrual cycle and weight gain.
Other causes of period problems include stress and lifestyle factors. Sudden changes in sleep patterns, travel, exercise, illness, or diet can cause menstrual irregularities. Young women are facing more irregular menstruation symptoms as their dependence on fast food increases and they prioritize work at the expense of their health. Birth control pills are known to cause delayed and irregular periods.
Symptoms of menstrual disorder
The symptoms of menstrual disorders include:
- Excessive bleeding
- Bloating or feeling full
- Longer or shorter period cycle
- Very light bleeding or spotting
- Mood swings, irritability, depression
- Pain or cramps before or during periods
Ways to tackle period problems for a healthy menstrual cycle
- Following a healthy sleep schedule
- Modifying the diet to avoid nicotine, caffeine, alcohol, and refined sugar
- Exercise five times a week
- Maintaining a record of irregular menstruation symptoms to take appropriate measures
Imbue suggests Rosa Period Potion to help maintain menstrual health. Rosa Period Potion not only keeps your uterine system healthy but also gives menstrual cramps relief with the right usage. Only natural herbs are used that are beneficial to the human body. Ingredients like Ashoka, Lodhra, Shatavari, Guduchi, Supari, Nagkesar, Sukumaram Kashayam, Dashmool, and Pradarantak Lauh are incorporated in our period potion to offer period stomach pain relief.